Recipe to Make Chocolate Cookies


  • 100g brown sugar
  • 125g unsalted block butter
  • 1 egg
  • 1 1/2 tsp vanilla essence
  • 1/2 tsp salt
  • 225g Self Raising Flour
  • 200g chocolate (any kind!)
  • 1/2 tsp salt


  1. Pre-heat oven to 200oc Place butter and sugar in large bowl and mix well
  2. add the egg and vanilla essence and mix again
  3. sieve in flour and salt to mix and combine well.
  4. Cut the chocolate, but not to finely and add. Mix together then roll balls of mixture to about 2cm by 2cm and place on a baking tray with baking parchment on. Be careful not to put the cookies too close together.
  5. Place in preheated oven for 7-10 minutes. Repeat until all cookies are cooked.
  6. I use different kinds of chocolate and add nuts. For double chocolate cookies simply replace 50g flour with 75g chocolate powder.

Tips for Great Pictures

Kearsarge Pinnacles by Moonlight

Many years ago when I was a starry-eyed undergrad I would ask every photographer I came across the same question: 

“How do I take better photos?”

I was extremely lucky to have many talented and generous photographers take me under their wing to show me the ropes. Without their valuable advice there is no way I would have become the photographer I am today.

Ironically, the number one question I now get asked as an Open producer is “How do I take better photos?”

So along with some tips that I’ve picked up over the years, I’ve recruited some outstanding snappers across Australia to share their own secret techniques about how they take their photos to the next level. 

1. Get in close

It was the famous photojournalist Robert Capa who once said “If your photographs aren’t good enough, you’re not close enough.” He was talking about getting in amongst the action. If you feel like your images aren’t ‘popping’, take a step or two closer to your subject. Fill the frame with your subject and see how much better your photo will look without so much wasted space. The closer you are to the subject, the better you can see their facial expressions too.

2. Shoot every day

The best way to hone your skills is to practice. A lot. Shoot as much as you can – it doesn’t really matter what. Spend hours and hours behind your camera. As your technical skills improve over time, your ability to harness them to tell stories and should too. 
Don’t worry too much about shooting a certain way to begin with. Experiment. Your style – your ‘voice’ – will emerge in time. And it will be more authentic when it does. — Leah Robertson

Leah Robertson is a super talented Melbourne based photographer and videographer, specialising in music and documentary photography.You can see her work here.

3. See the light

Before you raise your camera, see where the light is coming from, and use it to your advantage. Whether it is natural light coming from the sun, or an artificial source like a lamp; how can you use it to make your photos better? How is the light interacting with the scene and the subject? Is it highlighting an area or casting interesting shadows? These are all things you can utilise to make an ordinary photo extraordinary.

4. Ask permission

When photographing people, especially while in countries with different cultures and languages, it can be hard to communicate. In certain countries if you photograph someone you are not ‘supposed’ to photograph, it can get ugly and rough very quickly if you are not careful. So out of respect you should always ask permission. 

I have started shooting a series of school children in Pakistan. These are all posed portraits and they are looking down the lens. My guide helps me with the language and I limit myself to smiling, shaking hands, giving ‘hi-five’ and showing them the image on the back of my camera once it is done. You would be amazed how quickly people open up. — Andrea Francolini

Andrea Francolini is a well known Italian born, Sydney based sports photographer. He is also the founder ofMy First School, as trust which has the aim to facilitate educations in Northern Pakistan. You can see his work here.

5. Use flash during the day

You might think that you should only use flash at night time or indoors, but that’s not the case at all. If it is an extremely bright day outside and the sun is creating harsh shadows on your subject, switch on your flash. By forcing extra light onto your subject, you will be able to fill in those ugly shadows and create an even exposure.

6. ISO

There are questions to ask yourself when deciding what ISO to use:

What time of day are you shooting? If you are shooting outside during the middle of the day you will need to use a lower ISO such as 100 or 200. If you are shooting at night time without a tripod you will have to increase the ISO to a higher number to be able to record the light on the camera’s sensor.

Will the subject be well lit? If your subject or scene is too dark you will need to use a higher ISO such as 800 or 1600.

Do you want a sharp image or an image with more movement in it? Using a high shutter speed to capture fast movement might mean that you need to use a high ISO to compensate. Likewise, if you’re using a slow shutter speed to capture blur you will need a low ISO to compensate.

Don’t forget, increasing your ISO increases the grain or pixel size in your photo. So don’t use an ISO of 3200 or 6400 if you don’t want a photo with a lot of ‘digital noise’.

7. f/4

f/4 is my ‘go to’ aperture. If you use a wide aperture with a long lens (200mm-400mm) you’re able to separate the subject from the background. This helps them stand out. Works every time. — Peter Wallis

Peter Wallis is a sports photographer extraordinaire, working for The Courier Mail in Brisbane. You can see his work here.

8. You’ve got to be joking

A well timed joke will always yield a more natural smile, than simply saying “smile” — Dean Bottrell

Dean Bottrell is a Emerald based photographer who specializes in portraiture. You can see his work here.

9. Buy books, not gear

Having expensive camera equipment doesn’t always mean that you’ll take good photos. I’ve seen some absolutely amazing images shot with nothing more than a smart phone. Instead of having ten different lenses, invest in some fantastic photography books. By looking at the work of the masters, not only do you get inspired, you come away with ideas to improve your own photos.

10. Read your camera’s manual

The best way to know what to do with your camera is to actually read the manual. So many people miss this really important step on their photographic journey. Every camera is different, so by reading the manual you’ll get to know all the funky things it’s capable of.

11. Slow down

Take time to think about what is going on in the viewfinder before pressing the shutter. How are you going to compose the shot? How are you going to light it? Don’t jump straight in without giving it some thought first. — Brad Marsellos

Brad Marsellos is the Wide Bay über Open producer. You can see his photos, videos and musings on lifehere.

12. Stop chimping (checking the photo on the back screen)

It’s a bad habit digital photographers can develop. Time and time again I see photographers take a photograph and then look at the back of the screen straight away. By doing that you could miss all the special moments. You can look at your photos later. You can miss ‘the shot’ and it affects the flow of your work, so just keep shooting! – Marina Dot Perkins

The lovely Marina Dot Perkins is a news, travel and wedding photographer who worked for The Canberra Times and is now based in Newcastle.

13. Framing

This is a technique to use when you want to draw attention to something in your photograph. By framing a scene or a subject, say with a window or an archway, you lead the viewer’s eye to the primary focal point.

14. Shape with light

Never shoot with the sun directly behind you. It creates boring, flat light on the subject. If you shoot with the light source to the side or behind the subject, you are able to shape with the light, creating a more interesting photo. — Patria Jannides

Patria is not only a talented news photographer, she is also my long term friend, mentor, and personal cheer squad. She even helped me to land my first job as a paid photographer. Thanks for everything P xxx

15. Watermarks

This tip isn’t in direct relation to TAKING photos, but it does affect the look of photos. When it comes to watermarks, the smaller the better. And if you can avoid using them, do.

Chances are, unless you are a paid professional, there’s not much of a chance of your photos getting nicked. But in reality, they won’t prevent your images from getting stolen. They only distract from the fabulous image that you’ve created, because once you’ve slapped a watermark all over it, that’s all the viewer will be looking at. The only way you can prevent your images from being stolen is to not publish them on the internet.

Read Open producer Luke Wong’s blog post on watermarks here.

16. Be present

This means make eye-contact, engage and listen to your subject. With the eyes – lower that camera and be human. Bring the camera up for a decisive shot. But remember to lower it, like you’re coming up for air, to check in with your subject. Don’t treat them like a science experiment under a microscope. Being there with your subject shows them respect, levels the playing field in terms of power dynamics, and calms them down. You’ll get much more natural images this way. — Heather Faulkner

Heather Faulkner is a photographer who convenes the ePhotojournalism major at QCA, Griffith University. She is also the executive director of The Argus, a student-run, visual journalism online magazine. See her personal work here.

17. Shutter speed

Being aware of your shutter speed means the difference between taking a blurry photo and a sharp photo. It all depends on what you are after. If you are shooting a sporting event or children running around in the backyard, you probably want your subjects to be in focus. To capture fast action you will have to use a shutter speed over 1/500th of a second, if not 1/1000th to 1/2000th. On the opposite end of the scale, you might want to capture the long streaks of a car’s tail lights running through your shot. Therefore you would change your camera’s shutter speed to a long exposure. This could be one second, ten seconds, or even longer.

18. Charge your batteries

This seems like a simple one, but pretty much every photographer on the face of the planet has been caught out before. Including myself. The trick is to put the battery onto the charger as soon as you get home from your photo shoot. The only thing then is to make sure you remember to put it back into the camera after it has been recharged…

19. Focal length

Keep it simple. I shoot with two prime lenses and one camera; A 28mm and a 35mm. For everything. I use the 35mm lens 70% and the 28mm lens 30% of time. It takes some time to get used to it, but once you work it out, shooting primes is the only way to go. It means you have to work with what you have and you can’t be lazy. Basically, this means more pictures and less fiddling around with zooming and maybe missing moments. It also helps for consistency. If you’re working on a project or a series, keeping the same focal lengths is a great way to maintain a powerful sense of consistency. — Justin Wilkes

Justin Wilkes quit his job in Sydney this year to cover the political and social change in post revolution Egypt. He has since had his photographs published in The New York Times, TIME magazine, and The Jakata Globe to name but a few. You can see his amazing documentary work here.

20. Be part of a photographic community

Like ABC Open! Not only will you be able to publish your photos for the rest of the country to see, you’ll be part of an active group that offers feedback on how great you are going. You can learn new things to help you improve your technique, and you might even make some new photography buddies.

21. Shoot with your mind

Even when you’re not shooting, shoot with your mind. Practice noticing expressions and light conditions. Work out how you’d compose a picture of that scene over there that interests you, and what sort of exposure you might use to capture it best. — Leah Robertson

22. Return the favor

Always remember that if you are shooting people in a different country, they are probably doing you a favor by posing. So the least you can do is return this favor some way or another.

I often return to the same places year after year, so I bring along prints and look for the people I photographed previously. In some areas people do not have a picture of themselves. Imagine not having a picture of you and your family? Strange don’t you think? Yet many people don’t. So a $0.50 print can really make someone happy. It also opens doors for more photography further down the track. — Andrea Francolini

23. Have a camera on you at all times

You can’t take great photos if you don’t have a camera on you, can you? DSLR, point-and-shoot or smart phone, it doesn’t really matter. As long as you have access to a camera, you’re able to capture those spontaneous and unique moments in life that you might have otherwise missed.

24. The golden hour

Shoot portraits and landscapes in the golden hours — the light is softer and the colours are more vibrant. — Dean Bottrell

25. Keep it simple

Don’t try to pack too many elements into your image; it will just end up looking messy. If you just include one or two points of interest, your audience won’t be confused at where they should be looking or what they should be looking at.

26. Don’t get bogged down by equipment

We’ve all seen these types of photographers out and about. They usually have three or four different cameras strapped around their necks with lenses long enough for an African safari. In reality, there’s probably no need for all that equipment. One body with one or two lenses means that you’ll be freer in your movements to capture interesting angles or subjects on the move.

27. Perspective

Minimize the belly-button photograph. This is a reference to Moholy Nagy of the Bauhaus movement in photography (which was all about lines of perspective). In other words, perspectives are more engaging when we crouch down, or lie down, or elevate our position in reference to the subject. Look at how changing your perspective can change the visual language and implied power dynamics of the image. Crouching low can make your subject more dynamic, whereas gaining height on your subject can often minimize their presence in the image. One of my favorite exercises is to make my students lie down and take pictures, often in the dirt. I am a little cheeky. — Heather Faulkner

28. Be aware of backgrounds

What’s in your frame? So often I see great photos and think “didn’t they see that garbage bin, ugly wall, sign, etc?” It’s not just the person or object in your frame, it’s everything else in the background that can make or break a great photograph. So don’t be afraid to ask the person to move (or move yourself) to avoid something ugly in the background. — Marina Dot Perkins

29. Shade

Shade can be your best friend. If there is no way you can make the available light work for your photo, shoot in the shade. You’ll get a nice even exposure with no patchy highlights throughout your shot.

30. Rule of Thirds

This is one of the most common tips that pop up when it comes to improving your photos.

To break it down, you cut your frame into thirds by using both horizontal and vertical lines. You then place your point of interest over the cross sections of the grid.

Check out this article for further details about using the rule of thirds.

31. Exposure

I’ve been shooting a lot of protests lately. Basically, they’re just a lot of people really close to one another; often moving. After having made many mistakes with getting my exposures right, I worked out that if the sun is behind me and in the face of protestors I will set exposure compensation to underexpose by a stop to bring out even tonal range. When the sun is behind the protestors I like to over expose just slightly to bring out the shadow details on their faces. This could apply to street photography when the light is in front or behind your subject. — Justin Wilkes

32. Don’t spend too much time post-processing

The key is to get it right in the camera first, so you don’t HAVE to spend time editing. Over working a photo in editing software very rarely looks good, unless you are trying to achieve a super-artsy effect. If it takes you longer than ten minutes to alter your photo, maybe think about going back out into the field to re-shoot it.

33. Variation

Variation is key. I often use a recipe from Life Magazine picture editors for building a story narrative. I look for: over-all shots or scene-setters, interaction, action, portraits, details, medium shots and of course the signature image. Having this list in my head helps me start photographing a story that sometimes isn’t visually apparent until you get into it. This is great when you’re in a crowded or busy place. — Heather Faulkner

34. Become one with the camera

Push the button regardless of the outcome so the camera becomes part of your hand. — Dean Saffron

Dean Saffron is a photojournalist and an ABC Open superstar. His video The Spokesman, has had over 170,000 views. Woah!

35. Hold your camera properly

You might not know it, but there is a right way and a wrong way to hold a DSLR camera. The correct way is to support the lens by cupping your hand underneath it. This is usually done with the left hand, with your right hand gripping the body of the camera. This helps to prevent camera shake. If you are gripping your camera with your hands on either side of the camera body, there is nothing supporting the lens, and you might end up with blurry photos. To get an even stabler stance, tuck your elbows into the side of your body.

36. Limit your palette

When photos have too many colours spewing out from them, they’re often hard to look at. Unless it’s a photo of a rainbow or the Mardi Gras. Try to focus on having one or two colours predominately featuring in your photograph. It will be more pleasing to the eye and will help set the tone of the image.

37. Get your subject to relax

This applies mostly to portrait style photography. As a press photographer, I spend most of my time doing one on one portrait shoots. I think it’s really beneficial to take the time (if you have it) talking to your subject, asking questions, showing an interest in whatever it is they do. I find it really helpful in relaxing the person and often they’ll say something and that can lead to a better photo opportunity. — Marina 
Dot Perkins

38. Inspiration from all forms

Take in as much photography as you can – online, and in books and magazines. But not passively. Look at different styles. Work out what you like or don’t like about them. Look at the technical elements of pictures and think about how they were made, and what the photographer is trying to say. The more you take in, the more arsenal you’ll have when creating your own work. — Leah Robertson

39. Be patient and persevere

With time, patience, and perseverance, you will get better; with each and every photo you take.

40. Break the rules

Now that you know some of the rules, go ahead and break them! Experiment. Have fun. Learn from your mistakes. Make up your own tips and techniques for taking fantastic photographs. I’d love to hear them.

10 Emerging Educational Technologies & How They Are Being Used Across the Globe

10 Emerging Educational Technologies & How They Are Being Used Across the Globe

For over a decade, the New Media Consortium (NMC) has been charting the landscape of emerging technologies in teaching, learning, and creative inquiry on a global scale.

The NMC’s advisory board includes 750 technology experts and faculty members from colleges and universities in 40 countries, and is supported by the Consortium for School Networking (CoSN) and the International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE).

The NMC’s latest research efforts, the NMC Horizon Report: 2013 K-12 Edition and the NMC Horizon Report: 2013 Higher Education Edition, were released this spring, and together highlight ten emerging technologies that will impact education over the course of the next five years: cloud computing, mobile learning, learning analytics, open content, 3D printing, MOOCs, virtual and remote laboratories, games and gamification, tablet computing, and wearable technology.

As an educator, you have probably heard about many of these technologies, if not all of them. But the Horizon Report project pushes the discussion into fresh territory, predicting a time frame for their implementation into mainstream education and presenting an impressive list of institutions and individuals who are already using them in every discipline imaginable.

Too often it is education’s own practices that limit the broader uptake of new technologies. Whether it’s insufficient ongoing professional development or the reluctance to accept the need for digital media literacy, significant challenges stand in the way of smooth assimilation.

What the Horizon reports show, however—even more than which technologies are rising to the top— is that smooth assimilation is possible, and that countless educators are making the move creatively and with admirable conviction.

Here is a little inspiration from the people who are doing it right:

 1. Cloud Computing (12 Months or Less)

In 2011, cloud computing was listed in the 12-month-or-less category of the report, primarily because of the way it had become an essential part of collaboration in both schools and the workplace. This year, the placement of cloud computing on the near-term horizon for a second time underscores the fact that the impact of this technology continues to unfold in new and expanding ways.

Language: The cloud-based Brazilian Electronic Learning Organizer helps language teachers produce and share digital learning objects and activities for their students. The learning objects are created by the teacher or assembled from a resource repository created by other teachers in the network. Continue reading

MH370 Berakhir di Samudera Hindia Bagian Selatan

Ada apa dengan Malaysia Airlines MH370 dan 239 orang di dalamnya?, Kuala Lumpur – Misteri keberadaan pesawat Malaysia Airlines akhirnya terjawab. Perdana Menteri Malaysia Najib Razak akhirnya menyatakan bahwa penerbangan Malaysia Airlines MH370 berakhir di Samudera Hindia, di mana pencarian pesawat itu hilang sedang difokuskan.”MH370 telah terbang di sepanjang koridor selatan dan posisi terakhirnya adalah di Samudera Hindia, sebelah barat Perth (Australia),” ucap Najib dalam jumpa pers di Malaysia pada Senin (24/3/2014).

“Itu adalah lokasi yang terpencil,” sambung dia. “Untuk itulah dengan sangat menyesal saya harus menginformasikan kepada Anda bahwa penerbangan MH370 berakhir di selatan Samudera Hindia”.

“Kami akan menggelar konferensi pers besok untuk keterangan lebih rinci lagi,” tutup Najib Razak.

Menurut Sidney Morning Herald, pengumuman PM Malaysia ini disampaikan setelah data terbaru diterima perusahaan komunikasi satelit Inggris, Inmarsat, yang memuskilkan pesawat itu telah terbang ke koridor utara.




Daftar 10 Virus Komputer Paling Berbahaya di Dunia Terbaru

Virus merupakan halpaling berbahaya bagi pemilik gadget baik itu komputer atau laptop. efek dari komputer yang terserang virus beragam dan kondisi komputer/laptop menjadi down atau sangat lambat sekali. kita bisa memasang anti virus untuk pencegahan namun terkadang virus bisa sangat pintar dan berbahaya.

Jumlah virus juga banyak mencapai jutaan dengan efek yang berbeda beda mulai dari ringan sampai berat. sangat tidak menyenangkan jika perangkat kita terkena virus. efeknya sangat beragam dan yang paling parah mengharuskan kita menginstall ulang laptop/komputer kita. nah penasaran apa saja virus paling bahaya saat ini. simak daftar lengkapnya dibawah ini . . .

Continue reading

Cara Merawat Wajah Agar Cantik Alami

Tips dan Cara Merawat Wajah Agar Cantik Alami

Cara Merawat Wajah Agar Cantik Alami – Wajah cantik alami adalah dambaan setiap wanita. Berbagai upaya akan dilakukannya untuk bisa mendapatkan kulit wajah yang cantik, mulus dan putih alami.

Bagi anda yang ingin mendapatkan wajah yang cantik dan menarik, anda tidak perlu khawatir karena di bawah ini anda akan menemukan sejumlah tips dan cara merawat wajah agar cantik alami.

Cara Merawat Wajah Agar Cantik Alami 1: Jaga Pola Makan

Langkah pertama yang harus anda lakukan supaya bisa mendapatkan wajah yang bersih dan cantik adalah, senantiasa menjaga pola makan sehat anda. Hal ini bisa dilakukan dengan menyediakan makanan sehat yang khusus bisa memberikan pengaruh ke wajah anda.

Salah satu contohnya adalah dengan memakan buah-buahan yang segar dan berguna untuk kulit. Buah yang bisa anda sediakan sebagai salah satu menu sehat untuk perawatan wajah adalah bengkoang. Buah yang satu ini terbukti akan bisa memberikan efek positif pada kulit anda.

Cara Merawat Wajah Agar Cantik Alami 2: Hindari Kosmetik Berlebihan

Kedua, hindari pemakaian kosmetik yang berlebihan, terutama kosmetik yang berbahan kimia. Banyak sekali kosmetik yang berbahan kimia dijual secara bebas di online shop atau toko kecantikan. Untuk menghindari hal semacam ini, ada baiknya jika anda melakukan pengecekan terlebih dahulu mengenai bahan apa saja yang terdapat dalam kosmetik tersebut.

Jika 100% bahan yang digunakan adalah bahan alami, anda bisa mencoba untuk menggunakannya, namun jika ada salah satu zat yang disinyalir mengandung bahan kimia, ada baiknya jika anda menghindarinya saja. Hal ini penting demi kesehatan dan kualitas kulit cantik anda.

Cara Merawat Wajah Agar Cantik Alami 3: Jus Buah Segar

Iya, banyak-banyaklah minum jus buah yang segar dan bisa memberikan dampak positif untuk wajah anda. Salah satu jus yang bisa anda coba sebagai sarana perawatan wajah adalah jus alpukat. Bagi anda yang gemar meminum jus ini karena rasanya yang enak, berbahagialah, karena dalam buah alpukat terkandung banyak vitamin dan zat-zat yang berguna bagi wajah anda.

Cara Merawat Wajah Agar Cantik Alami 4: Gunakan Pelindung Wajah Saat Keluar Rumah

Keempat, selalu gunakan pelindung wajah ketika anda keluar rumah, dan hindari tempat-tempat yang mengandung debu dan polusi. Bagi anda yang naik mobil ketika hendak ke kantor atau sekolah, mungkin tidak akan menemukan masalah yang begitu berarti mengenai hal ini, namun jika anda hendak bepergian dengan menggunakan sepeda motor, anda disarankan untuk mengenakan masker wajah.

Hal ini penting supaya debu dan kotoran tidak langsung masuk ke wajah anda dan menjadikannya senantiasa bersih dan segar. Jangan sampai anda berangkat keluar rumah tanpa menggunakan masker karena aka nada banyak debu yang menempel di wajah anda nantinya.

Cara Merawat Wajah Agar Cantik Alami 5: Berhati-hati dengan Produk Pembersih Wajah

Kelima, periksa kulit anda terlebih dahulu sebelum membersihkannya dengan pembersih wajah yang anda dapat di toko kecantikan. Ada beberapa kulit yang sensitive dengan obat-obat semacam ini.

Bagi anda yang kulitnya sensitive dan tetap memaksakan diri menggunakan obat ini, sudah pasti kulit anda bukannya tambah bersih, namun malah tumbuh jerawat dan flek hitam yang akan membuat kulit muka anda semakin rusak. Ini sering terjadi pada mereka yang memiliki jenis kulit berminyak namun salah memilih pembersih wajah untuk kulit yang tidak berminyak.

Alhasil bukannya wajah mereka semakin bersih, malah semakin banyak jerawatnya. Untuk itu kenalilah kulit anda terlebih dahulu sebelum anda membersihkannya dengan pembersih wajah. Kecerobohan bisa berakibat fatal untuk kulit anda.

Demikianlah sejumlah tips dan cara merawat wajah agar cantik alami, semoga bermanfaat untuk Anda. Nah, selamat mencoba!

sumber artikel Cara Merawat Wajah Agar Cantik Alami